Article 2


1. This Regulation applies to:

(a) providers placing on the market or putting into service AI systems in the Union, irrespective of whether those providers are established within the Union or in a third country;

(b) users of AI systems located within the Union;

(c) providers and users of AI systems that are located in a third country, where the output produced by the system is used in the Union;

2. For high-risk AI systems that are safety components of products or systems, or which are themselves products or systems, falling within the scope of the following acts, only Article 84 of this Regulation shall apply:

(a) Regulation (EC) 300/2008;

(b) Regulation (EU) No 167/2013;

(c) Regulation (EU) No 168/2013;

(d) Directive 2014/90/EU;

(e) Directive (EU) 2016/797;

(f) Regulation (EU) 2018/858;

(g) Regulation (EU) 2018/1139;

(h) Regulation (EU) 2019/2144.

3. This Regulation shall not apply to AI systems developed or used exclusively for military purposes.

4. This Regulation shall not apply to public authorities in a third country nor to international organisations falling within the scope of this Regulation pursuant to paragraph 1, where those authorities or organisations use AI systems in the framework of international agreements for law enforcement and judicial cooperation with the Union or with one or more Member States.

5. This Regulation shall not affect the application of the provisions on the liability of intermediary service providers set out in Chapter II, Section IV of Directive 2000/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council 60 [as to be replaced by the corresponding provisions of the Digital Services Act].