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Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a fast-growing field transforming how we interact with and use technology. From voice assistants and chatbots to self-driving cars and medical diagnosis tools, AI is already a part of our everyday lives, with its impact only set to increase in the future. But what exactly is AI and how does it work?

What is AI?

AI refers to computer systems that can perform tasks that typically require human intelligence. This includes tasks such as learning, reasoning, problem-solving and decision-making.

There are three categories of AI.  We currently only have access to one of the three categories of AI. The other two AI categories are still hypothetical at this point.

1. Artificial Narrow Intelligence

Artificial Narrow Intelligence, also called narrow or weak AI, is specifically designed to perform a limited set of tasks. This type of AI cannot operate outside of its designated scope.

Examples of this type of AI:

  • Image recognition
  • Language translation
  • Virtual assistants

2. Artificial General Intelligence

This category of AI is also referred to as strong, deep or general AI. These AI systems are capable of operating and reasoning like a human and can solve complex problems and perform a wide range of tasks.

Researchers and scientists are still in the process of developing this type of AI. Researchers and scientists have not yet been able to successfully teach this AI system certain human characteristics.

3. Artificial Super Intelligence

This form of AI is also known as hyper-intelligence. It represents an advanced form of AI that will surpass human intelligence and capabilities. However, researchers have yet to achieve this hypothetical AI system.


The further development and use AI poses potential risks and challenges. This is where the AI Act comes into play, as it aims to regulate the development and deployment of AI within the European Union to ensure that it aligns with EU values and fundamental human rights.